Handling an issue that isn't black and white.

Use of social drugs by a minority of pregnant and breastfeeding mothers is a fact of life. Breastfeeding is the only way to feed an infant for that infant to be able to achieve optimum growth, health and mental development. Drug-using mothers need to know how their drug habit will impact on their baby and their lactation and how artificial formula will affect them and their baby. Informed decision-making, which achieves the best outcome for both baby and mother, is the goal.

Although early research appeared to show that breastfeeding increases the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, recent studies which clearly define "breastfeeding" show no additional risk of MTCT of HIV through exclusive breastfeeding over not breastfeeding at all. In addition, there is no difference in the overall mortality rate at 2 years between children of HIV+ mothers randomized to breast or bottle feeding.

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The defining characteristic of the class Mammalia is the ability to produce milk, an externally secreted fluid designed specifically to nourish the young. The provision of milk frees the mother from the necessity of providing a specialized environment for rearing of the young. It allows birth to occur at a relatively early stage of development and provides a time of intense maternal interaction with the newborn during early behavioral development.

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There are many different types of love: sexual, romantic, platonic, filial, maternal, paternal, spiritual, love of self, love of country, love of possessions to name a few. Love for our mother, our first love, could be the pivotal love around which we build our ability to love in every other way. This paper will look at the chemistry that is involved in the baby’s first opportunity to love at that crucial time surrounding birth and the consequences of denying that opportunity. Love is as important to the individual as it is to their society and our world.